The most important results of the survey:

First: Data related to dwelling:
1 Concerning dwellings:
A - Distribution of dwellings by kind of dwelling: The results of survey showed that there is no villa in the irregular housing dwellings and the percentage of dwellings that is flat in building reached to {27,7} from gross dwellings which means there are buildings that have more than floor, and the percentage of dwellings that is traditional house reached to {34,4} from gross, while the percentage of dwellings that is Public housing reached to {37,9} from gross and didn't observe any rural house. See table{ no. 1} and review definitions.
B -The average of floor area for random dwelling at total level showed {103} sq.m} and average of room numbers{3} rooms for single and the total average for dwelling age {26} year. See table no.{2}.)
C -And through calculating overcrowding rate indicator and per capita house area from floor area showed that total overcrowding rate is {1,7} while it is at country level {1,3} and average floor area per capita reached to 18 Sq.m and at total level in governorates centers 21,2 Sq.m. And the following table shows crowd rate and individual quota average of floor area by survey results of governorates.

Classification Governorates
Damascus Aleppo Damascus rural Homs Hama Lattakia Idleb
Per capita house area 18.9 15.4 17.8 23.6 19.1 18.2 20.8
overcrowding rate 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4
Classification Hasakeh Deir-ez-zor Tartous Al-Rakka Dar'a Al-Sweida Total
Per capita house area 24.9 31.6 23.7 12.7 14.1 19.3 18
overcrowding rate 2.1 1.3 1.4 2.5 2.3 1.8 1.7

D -Concerning walls building material: it was showed that there is no dwelling made of ferroconcrete ,( 25,3%) of dwellings made of cement block without pillars,( 50%) made of cement block with pillars,(5,23%) made of stone and (1,2%) made of adobe.
E -Concerning building household tenure : it was showed that(88,4%) of dwellings are owned by households which dwell in ,(7,4%) of dwellings are rented by households which dwell in : (6,7%) from these are furnished house rent and (93,3%) are unfurnished house rent.
2 Avaliable services in dwelling:
A - Mean of lighting:: The results showed that (99,2%) of buildings are connected to public network of electricity and (0,8%) of buildings have auto-generators which are available only in three governorates (Damascus, Damascus Rural, Aleppo) and the greatest rate was in Aleppo where it reached (79,2%) ,(16,6%) in Damascus Rural and (4,2%) in Damascus. And there isn't any other lighting means except electricity.
B-Water supply system : it was showed that (96,9%) of total dwellings are connected to public network of water and get water from this network, (1,3%) of buildings get it from a well pertaining to household, (0,2%) of households get it from common source ,(1,6%) of them get it from other sources (tankersetc)
C-Sewerage system (getting rid of waste water) : it was showed that (94,3%) of dwellings are connected to public sewerage network,(4,5%) of dwellings are getting rid of waste water artistic pit,(1,2%) of them are getting rid of waste water by open sewers and maybe to neighboring groves or water channelsetc
D-Availability of telephone in dwelling: it was showed that (65,6%) of resident households have telephones and (91,7%) of them in possessed dwellings by households.
E-Availability of utilities:
- It was showed that (99%) of dwellings have a kitchen and (1%) of dwellings haven't kitchen (a place specified for cooking) and it was appeared that they are either traditional house or public housing.
- It was showed that (97,7%) of dwellings have bathroom and (2,3%) of them haven't it and they are either traditional house or public housing It was showed that (97,7%) of dwellings have bathroom and (2,3%) of them haven't it and they are either traditional house or public housing.
- It was showed that (99,9%)of dwellings have a toilet and (0,1%) of them haven't it and they are either traditional house or public housing ; maybe toilet is common one or a dwelling resides in it more than household, and when the household was asked its answer was that there isn't a toilet pertaining to the household.
F-Availability of building lines, terraces or gardens: it was showed that (31%) of dwellings have either terrace or garden and (69%) haven't.
3 Available services in the residential area:
- It was showed that (65,6%) of households which dwell in these dwellings said that there is a health-center in residential area and (30%) of them said that there is a hospital in it.
- (57,8%) of households said that there is a kindergarten in it , (93%) of them said that there is a primary school in it , and (63,8%) of them said that there is a high school in it
The survey has showed some results related to dwelling and residential area where it was put questions in the questionnaire don't ask the inhabitant household about them but the administration of survey decides that these questions should be answered by researcher based on his observations; the results showed that:
- (16,3%) of dwellings have cracks in their walls.
- (70,8%) of them its finishing is normal,(26,7%) its clothing is good and (2,5%) its clothing is excellent.
Concerning lighting and ventilation showed that :
- (8,4%) of dwellings its lighting and ventilation is bad .
- (61,1%) its lighting and ventilation is medium .
- (30,5%) its lighting and ventilation is good .
Concerning residential area showed that :
- (71,6%) of dwellings have paved roads in its region .
- (12,7%) have gardens or orchards .
- (54,6%) located in roads its width (1-5) m .
- (34,8%) located in roads its width (6-10) m .
- (9,8%) located in roads its width (11-15) m .
- (0,4%) located in roads its width (16-20) m .
- (0,4%) located in roads its width more than 20 m .
Second: Data related to households:
1-Distribution of the sample residents by duration of residence ; the results revealed:
- (7,3%) of residents ranged their current residence in the dwelling between (0-1) year .
- (22,3%) of residents ranged their current residence in the dwelling between (2-5) years.
- (19,9%) of  residents ranged their current residence in the dwelling between (6-10) years .
- (32,1%) of residents ranged their current residence in the dwelling between (11-20) years .
- (18.4%) of residents ranged their current residence in the dwelling more than 21 years ..
And since that (88,4%) of dwellings are property of their residents; this confirms that construction of new dwellings in random housing areas is still persisting .
2-Distribution of residents by the former residence:
Table (19) shows distribution of the current &former residence in the irregular housing dwellings where the results showed that irregular housing areas in Damascus polarized residents from all governorates and the highest ratio was from Damascus Rural, which accounted for 18% , then Dar'a 14,5% and the least ratio was in Al-Rakka. While the governorate of Aleppo has polarized the highest ratio of countryside people and this ratio reached 97,6% of the total arrivals; whereas the polarization in the rest governorates with highest ratio was from governorate rural population itself..
- Sex ratio among the residents in the irregular housing dwellings reached to 115.5, and where the sex ratio at the level of Syria is about 104.5. and this is what indicates the presence of male migration to these areas from other governorates or from the rural of governorate itself for business.
3-The educational status :
The results showed that the ratio of illiteracy among population 15 years and over reached 15,5% and was 10,4% among males and 21,3% among females and this ratio is close to overall ratios of the phenomenon at the level of republic ; the ratio of whom have a university degree and more 3,1% and its level is less than at the level of republic which reaches 4%.
4-Workers Data :
- The rate of crude economic activity reached 29,8% and it is higher than the overall level of republic slightly.
- The rate of open economic activity reached 47,5% and it is also higher than the overall level of republic slightly
- The unemployment rate reached 9,3%and it is almost equal to the rate of unemployment at the level of republic during the fourth quarter of /2007/.
And the results showed distribution of workers by age groups as following :

Classification Age groups
9-15 20-24 25-29 30-31 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65 and over Total
Ratio 12 16 15.6 11.3 12 11.1 8 6.2 4.2 2.1 1.5 100

5-Data workers 15 years and over :
The results showed that distribution of man powers as following :

Classification
workers Unemployed home makers Students income recipients Unable to work Retired Other than those mentioned Total
Ratio 43.1 4.4 34.5 12.6 0.6 1.9 2.5 0.4 100

In terms of distribution of workers by economic activity, the results showed that :

Classification Economic activity
Agriculture Industry Building and construction Hotels & restaurant Transport & communication Money& insurance Services Total
Ratio 5.1 18.6 14 10 6.5 1 44.8 100

6-The infection :
When asking the head of household if a member of family is infected with a disease related to dwelling or housing area , the results were that :
- 1,1% of population are infected with diseases,65,1% of them are males and 34,9% are females
- The infection centralized on the age group( 60) and over where it reached 52,1% of  the total(infected) followed by (40-44) where it reached 10,8% and the least was in the age group (0-9) where it reached 4,6%.
7-The distribution of patients by type of disease :

Classification Type of disease
Asthma Tuberculosis complete paralysis paresis skin diseases Psychological diseases Cardiac diseases kidney diseases Other Total
Ratio 14.8 2 6.2 11.2 2.6 3.6 27.2 6.2 26.2 100


From above we can say:
The phenomenon of irregular housing in Syria doesn't consider a phenomenon has a special characteristics as in other countries where such a phenomenon exists. The results reveal that there is no dwellings made of tin or dwellings don't have services provided to dwellings in the regular areas , but it is residential areas have all services provided to regular dwellings in cities centers in terms of electricity, water and sewage networks.
In terms of demographic, social and industrial characteristics of resident population in these areas ,the results showed that there are no essential differences between the characteristics of these population and the resident population in regular housing areas in terms of education, economic activity and unemployment etc..., and we found that the gender ratio is higher than the ratio at the level of republic because of that some young males immigrate from other governorates or the rural same governorate for work where reside in these areas
And it also showed that services in these areas are available ,such as schools, health centers and hospitals etc
So, we can name these areas as irregular housing areas in terms of the legal status of dwellings and the need to rehabilitation for some dwellings, roads and various services